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Over 90% Global Trade Carried Out By Maritime Transportation



By Capt. Danladi Bako

As the world marks World Maritime Day 2022, with a them: “New Technologies For Greener Shipping’, Capt. Caleb Danladi Bako, a Master Mariner and Maritime Expert/Researcher, writes on the essentiality of sea transports to the global economy, adding that more than 90% of global trade is carried by maritime transportation:

WORLD Maritime day is celebrated annually on the last Thursday of every September. The purpose of the day is to provide an opportunity to focus more attention on the importance of the Maritime Industry and to underline the importance of Maritime Security, Maritime environment, safety, and shipping.
The day also provides an opportunity to emphasize on a particular aspect of the work of the International Maritime Organization (IMO). A day first observed in 1978 to mark the day of adoption of the International Maritime Organization (IMO) convention in 1958.

Accordingly, Sea transportation is essential to the global economy as more than 90% of global trade is carried by maritime transportation. Shipping is also essential to international trade because it is a cost-effective means of transporting vast quantities of merchandise throughout the globe.

International shipping enables nations to gain access to essential raw materials for the development of their economy. Makes possible the production and distribution of reasonably priced items and products.
Other essential supplies, such as chemicals, refined fuels, and manufactured goods, are also transported in significant quantities via marine transport.
The theme for the year: “New technologies for greener shipping” was chosen to reflect the need to support a green transition of the maritime industry into a sustainable future. One of the primary goals of the International Maritime Organization (IMO) is to advance sustainable shipping practices and sustainable maritime in line with the United Nations’ sustainable development goals (SDG).
According to the Secretary General of the International Maritime Organisation, the theme will provide an opportunity for inclusive innovation, research and development, and technological cooperation and to show solutions for decarbonization and a more environmentally friendly environment.

The theme will mark the pathway to implementing the 2030 agenda for sustainable development goals (SGA) especially SDG 17 (Partnership for the goals), SDG 13 (Climate change), SDG 14 (Sustainable use of oceans), and SDG 9 (Industry, Innovation, and Infrastructure). New technologies for shipping open longer conversations about shipping direction and how technology can be used for a more sustainable future.
Green shipping refers to the use of resources and energy to transport people and goods by ships and specifically concerns the reduction in such resources and energy to preserve the global environment.

Green shipping technology adopts procedures to decrease emissions, consume less energy, and be more efficient. The shipping Industry has a long tradition of adjusting its practices to keep up with advances in technology. Due to the growing emphasis on environmental protection, shipping companies have begun to understand the importance of greening. Green technologies are making their way into the shipping industry, and the industry is adapting to the gain. The current and future ship designs are expected to comply with demanding environmental standards.
The International Maritime organization has been at the forefront in helping to reduce the impact on the marine industry by regulating exhaust emission, ant-fouling, and ballast water.
Even though green shipping is the cleanest and safest means of cargo transit, regulatory compliance and restriction will impose significant compliance costs on shipping companies. However, several ‘green’ technology has been developed to considerably lessen the shipping industry’s impacts on the global environment. Some of the technology includes the use of LNG Fuel for propulsion. Using LNG as fuel has become a common environmentally friendly choice for ships.
Ships can also use liquefied natural gas (LNG) as a fuel alternative. LNG fuel contributes to the reduction of air pollution that is caused by ships and using a combination of LNG fuel and diesel oil will result in efficient engine performance, which will lead to savings in fuel consumption.

Empirical studies have revealed that using LNG as fuel for shipping can reduce 85–95% of NOx, 20% of CO2, and 100% of SOx, compared to HFO. The ballast water management plan is a strategy for green shipping. Vessels take ballast water to maintain stability during their voyage. Ballast water conventions aim to prevent the spread of invasive aquatic species from one region to another by establishing standards for the management and control of ships’ ballast waters and sediments.

To comply with green shipping, a ballast water treatment system was adopted to enable the ballast water pass through a filter for physical treatment to remove harmful organisms. Other strategies include but are not limited to the use of a Sulphur scrubbing system where Sulphur is washed out from the exhaust gas of the engine. Slow steaming and running the engine at a slower speed can reduce fuel consumption in a voyage and cut emissions.
Applying the best anti-fouling paint has helped to slow the growth of organisms attached to the hull. The condition of the hull is crucial for fuel efficiency. While the demand for global industry increases, the shipping sector is under huge pressure to cut emissions. Given the amount of greenhouse gas emissions the shipping industry contributes, transition to green shipping practices for a sustainable future is top of the agenda for the International Maritime Organization (IMO) and many others within the industry. Several different paths may be taken to make shipping a more environmentally friendly process, including designing a more efficient ship hull, voyage optimization, incorporating a ballast-free system, solar power for cargo ships, and using digital tools in addition to exploring cleaner fuels, reducing environmental pollution limit and ecological impact. Providing an opportunity for inclusive innovation, research and development, and technological cooperation will provide a solution for decarbonization and more environmentally friendly shipping.

Capt.Bako Writes From Kaduna

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ANTI PARTY ACTIVITIES: Esan Central APC, Suspends Nine Leaders, Appoints Bello



Nine Leaders of the All Progressives Congress (APC) in Esan Central LGA have been suspended at an extraordinary meeting held this evening at Irrua, the LGA capital.

The suspended leaders include APC State Vice Chairman, Chief Francis Inegbeniki, Esan Central foremost Party Leader, Prince Willy Shaka Momodu, Ward Leader, Hon Abudu Ugbesia, among six others.

The suspended nine APC leaders are alleged to have held a clandestine meeting at a hotel in Eidenu, Irrua on the eve of the House of Assembly election and resolved to work against their party candidate for the House of Assembly election, Hon Victor Edoror. It is alleged that they were induced by the ruling party and their grand conspiracy to disallow Hon Edoror to get into the House and become the Speaker which might scuttle their agenda for Esan governor candidate from Esan Central LGA.

The meeting which was attended enmass by angry members and party executives of the party across the LGA appointed former LGA Councillior, and House of Assembly election aspirant, Hon. Bello Oyaziwolo, as the acting Leader, to oversee the affairs of the party pending the determination of the investigation into the degree of involvement of each of the suspended leader.

Interestingly, the Deputy Leader of the Party in Esan Central LGA and former Vice Chairman of the LGA, Hon Francis Ubene, was exempted from suspension because preliminary investigation revealed that he was in the meeting allegedly called by Chief Inegbeniki, but he refused to agree with their alleged plan to sabotage the election for Hon Edoror because according to him “I have forgiven him and if I have forgiven him, I cannot work against him or the party”.

Speaking with Hon Bello, after the appointment, the new LGA Leader said he was not interested in Leading the party for selfish reasons but would commit himself to helping the party rid itself of betrayals and inept leaders in the LGA and hopefully allow a free process to produce the next LGA Leader.

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Delta: Oborevwori’s Victory, A Turning Point, Says Ebireri



Media Consultant, Henry Ebireri, has urged Delta State governor-elect, Rt. Hon Sheriff Oborevwori to embark only on programmes that are genuine, attainable, purposeful, durable and people-oriented.

He also urged him to make a significant impact at improving the lot of the masses.

In a statement in Sapele, the media consultant described the March 18 governorship election in Delta State as ‘’’a turning point, a landmark in the history of the oil rich state’’.

He appealed to Oborevwori to steer Delta State in the needed direction.

‘’There is a very high expectation from the governor-elect by the people. He must direct his energy towards inculcating the spirit of self-reliance among the citizenry through economic and empowerment programmes’’

The media professional listed security, youth and women empowerment, agriculture, health, education, infrastructural development, industrial revolution, cultural and tourism rebirth,  communication and sports development as key areas to be addressed by the governor-elect.

The statement underscored the future of Delta youths infrastructure and security challenges.

He urged Oborevwori to be fair to all.

He also urged him to recruit only qualified, competent and meritorious hands to help him develop the oil-rich state.

 ‘’They should be people of integrity, honesty and trust. The team should comprise only tested, dedicated, loyal, courageous, selfless, focused and visionary men and women’’

Ebireri further commended Governor Ifeanyi Okowa for his immense contribution to the political development of Delta State.

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Press Release



Senator Ovie Omo-Agege Rejects INEC’s Declaration of Oborevwori As Winner of Delta Poll

A while ago, the Resident Electoral Commissioner (REC) in Delta State announced Rt. Hon. Sheriff Oborevwori, gubernatorial flagbearer of the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) as the governor-elect following the March 18 governorship election.

The declaration was made despite the myriad of infractions and acts of impunity on the part of the PDP in the course of the election. These were brought to the attention of INEC with incontrovertible proof.

The March 18 election was characterized by massive fraud, unprecedented vote buying and voter suppression perpetrated by the PDP in the course of the election.

The fraudulent nature of PDP’s so-called victory are just too damning and daring for it to be acceptable in any decent society. Most of those infractions are on the public domain and known to INEC officials and the security agencies involved in superintending the election.

In the February 25 Presidential and National Assembly elections, the results pointed to an unequivocal rejection of the PDP. Of the three senatorial zones in the state, APC won two while PDP controversially edged out the Labour Party in the Delta North Senate race.

It was an unadulterated verdict of Deltans on how they have fared under 24 years of governance of their state by PDP.

On the basis of the factors listed and more that will come later, Senator Ovie Omo-Agege, governorship candidate of the APC in Delta State as well as the leadership of the party, unequivocally reject the declaration by INEC of Rt. Hon. Sheriff Oborevwori of the PDP as winner of the March 18 governorship election.

We will challenge this fraudulent result using all legal means.

As a democrat and Deputy President of the Senate, Omo-Agege will explore all lawful avenues to reclaim the mandate freely given to him by the good people of Delta State.

To the numerous supporters of APC and the entire public that share in Omo-Agege’s vision of building a new Delta State, we urge you all to remain calm, peaceful and law abiding.

I can assure all our teeming supporters and all Deltans that the PDP pyrrhic celebration of a stolen mandate will be short-lived.

By the grace of God and the clearly expressed wish of the people, this electoral heist will be reversed and Senator Omo-Agege will be sworn in on May 29, 2023 as the lawfully elected Governor of Delta State.

Sunny Areh
Chief Press Secretary to the Deputy President of the Senate and Governorship Candidate of APC, Delta State, Senator Ovie Omo-Agege

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